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Clarkia is a very beautiful and elegant plant with a long flowering period. Outwardly, the Clarkia looks like a bush, on the stems of which small roses are strung. The plant is incredibly elegant and eye-catching. The flowers on the stems can be of different colors: purple, white, pink, purple. This unusual name flower owes to the English priest Clark, it was he who brought it from California to Europe.
Description and photo of an elegant flower
The flower is an annual and belongs to the family of Cypriot. Plant height varies from 30 (40) to 60 cm. Stems are straight, rarely bend down, branched. The color of the foliage is dark green, red streaks are present. Flowers are at the very top of the plant.
In the homeland of Clarkia (Chile and North America), there are about 30 species, but only a few of them are common in Russia.
Views of Clarkia
- Clarkia graceful (marigold). It is characterized by a thin, branched and strong stalk, the height of which is up to 90 cm. The leaves are thick green, there are red veins. The leaf blade has a serrated edge. Flowers can be both simple and double; they are collected in an inflorescence brush, the diameter of the flower is about 4 cm. It begins to bloom in June, and ends in late September.
- Clarkia pubescent - its height is not more than 30 cm. The flowers are double and not double, their color is different. Blossom starts 2 weeks earlier than elegant Clarkia.
- Clarkia Terry. Incredibly amazing and beautiful flower. It compares favorably with other types of Clarky with its beautiful double flowers. The height of the plant is from 25 to 65 cm, terry flowers with a diameter of up to 6 cm. It seems that the flowers are strung on stems, a kind of spike-like plant is created.
Clarkia seed cultivation
Landing and care
The plant is cold-resistant, it is very fond of light. That is why it is best to plant it in open space. When growing Clarkia is demanding on the condition of the soil. It blooms well in slightly acidic, loose, moist soil.
When planting in oily soil, pre-mix it with sand, otherwise the plant may die.
Good results are obtained by sowing directly into the soil. The flowers will grow large, and the stem will be strong and thick. The plant is completely indifferent to frost, so you can plant it already in late April or early May. The first seedlings will begin to appear 2-2.5 weeks after sowing. It is imperative to thin out seedlings if they are dense and low - at a distance of 20 cm, if high - at a distance of 25 cm. But do not get carried away by thinning, in the density of clarkia blooms much better.
Clarkia can also be grown in special pots. With this approach, you need to sow early - approximately in the month of March - then it will bloom in early June.
For sowing, you need a special board to press the seeds into the ground. After that, we spray the seeds with water, cover with a lid and put in a bright, but not sunny place. After the leaves appear, the cover can be removed. Until the moment of sowing, all seedlings must be kept in a greenhouse, which is well ventilated. When planting in the ground, each seedling should be with a large lump of earth. Important - Clarkia can be transplanted to another place only at a very young age.
If you are planting Clarkia in large groups, then to support thin stems, stick sticks into the ground. It should be remembered that Clarkia is a cross-pollinating plant; in this regard, different varieties should be at a decent distance from each other. In the process of growing, special care is not required - watering in a drought (so that water does not stand near the plant), mineral fertilizers - every 2 weeks. Watch the appearance of the leaves if gray spots with a black rim appear on them - this is a sign of a fungal disease. In this case, you need to treat with fungicides.
The peak of flowering occurs in the month of July and usually continues until the end of August, beginning of September. Cut old flowers and ovaries - this will extend the flowering of the remaining flowers. After the whole plant has finished flowering, you need to cut it to the very ground. Seeds can be collected after a month, the indicator of their readiness is a brown shade of the box.
Clarkia's seed size is very small - 3000 pieces are contained in only 1 gram! Such seeds can be stored for no more than 4 years, after this period they lose their ability to germinate.
Clarkia - Beauty in Your Own Home
Clarkies look cool on the walls, next to a fence or something similar - they will delight your eye all summer! You can plant it in a very original way, if you combine different colors of flowers in one composition. Here you can use your imagination. Great neighbors for such a plant are phlox and asters. Clarkia will also become an unusual background for red roses. High varieties are perfect for planting on beds - they can be cut into bouquets.