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The shoots on which the flowers form are called flower-bearing shoots or peduncles. Many amateur gardeners use the term "flower stalk" in a narrower semantic meaning and understand it as the part of the stem part of the plant on which the flowers are located.
The most beautiful in indoor orchids is the period of their flowering. Often it takes a long time to wait for this period.
Description of appearance
In our country, the cultivation of indoor orchids is a completely new hobby. Orchidaceae are beautiful and exotic plants for our latitudes. To navigate the flowering issues of such common types of indoor orchids as Cymbidium or Phalaenopsis, as well as less popular ones, Some features of this process should be considered:
- Peduncles often grow in the most bizarre way. It can bend into a pigtail, then start to rise and grow up. In addition, it can grow in any direction. While the flowering shoot of a room orchid is growing, the grower should not touch anything. In no case should you transplant the plant. It should be remembered that the peduncle always grows from a growth point.
- As a rule, it is not difficult for experienced flower growers to distinguish such shoots from the root, but an inexperienced flower grower can not always immediately determine which part of a plant is in front of it.
- Often there is a likelihood that indoor orchids after a short rest, and some species and without rest will prolong the flower-bearing shoot.
- The very beginning of autumn is the most favorable period for flower buds to give rise to growth for new flower-bearing shoots. Such a rule primarily refers to the Cymbidium or Phalaenopsis species.
- If the orchid simultaneously produces a flower stalk and a new healthy leaf, then you must definitely let the plant make its own choice, which it is preferable to develop further.
- In orchids from the Phalaenopsis species, new leaves most often appear in summer or early autumn, and high-quality peduncles form in late autumn.
- The long flowering shoots of Cymbidium are known to many for their large flowers, which you can often buy in the cut. At the flowering stage, these plants should be kept in a uniformly moist substrate, but should not be transplanted.
- Cymbidiums and Phalaenopsis are the most popular orchids to date. These varieties are unpretentious at the stage of reproduction and undemanding to care.
How a new peduncle appears in an orchid
To pruning a flower-bearing shoot was less traumatic, it is advisable to familiarize yourself with the features of caring for a particular type of orchid plant. In addition, pruning should be done according to certain rules. And they are:
- after the peduncle dries, it should be carefully trimmed;
- pruning should be done with a clean and sharp tool, and after pruning, a stump should remain on the plant, no more than 2 cm high;
- the cut should be slightly dried and then treated with a special composition based on activated carbon;
- if the flower-bearing shoot, after the flowering process ends, grows, then after a while new buds or the so-called “children” with the root may form on it, which make it possible to transplant new plants.
It is extremely important to choose the right time and stage of plant development to remove the peduncle. Correctly pruning orchids does not always work. In the presence of "sleeping" buds, it is recommended to trim the flower-bearing shoot slightly higher than them, which will be more correct for maintaining the plant's health.
Orchids can relax a bit, and then again start up new flower stalks. So do almost all orchids, adapted for growing and propagating at home.
Stem formation stimulation
If the plant does not bloom for a long time, then you can try to stimulate the forcing of a new flower-bearing shoot. You can make an indoor orchid blossom again. Performing such an event is not difficult. Through several fairly simple techniques, you can stimulate the plant to produce a new peduncle and bloom profusely.
However, it should be remembered that culture cannot be forced to bloom without creating optimal temperature conditions and proper care. As a rule, it is possible to stimulate the re-formation of the flower stalk as a result of a little stress:
- to cause an artificial sensation of a drought in a plant, minimizing and sometimes completely stopping watering after flowering;
- in the process of care to achieve repeated flowering with sharp temperature fluctuations.
It is best to stimulate the flowering process in winter.
How to revive a dried flower stalk
If the flower-bearing shoot of an orchid dries or is already dry, then it should be carefully trimmed. It should be remembered that after the flowering stage, the peduncle can either dry out or continue to grow further. If it is slightly dried out, but remains tight, it is advisable not to cut it for a while. It is imperative to wait until the shoot stem has dried completely.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about the features of growing mini orchids.
How to grow an orchid from a flower-bearing shoot
Undoubtedly, the easiest way to propagate an orchid of the Phalaenopsis species is to transplant the lateral processes of the peduncle or the so-called “children” with roots. With proper care, they grow very quickly, and the transplant process is absolutely simple. Already faded stems are also allowed to be used to propagate the plant.
How to distinguish a root from a peduncle of an orchid
If the features of the type of orchid allow the propagation by a peduncle, then the standard method of cuttings should be used. Do not be afraid to harm the health of the flower. Regardless of the state of the old flower stalks, new shoots appear over time in plants.