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Sweet pepper can be safely called one of the brightest representatives of the nightshade family. This vegetable is among the leaders in the content of nutrients and vitamins. The historical homeland of sweet peppers lies in the southern latitudes. There he grows remarkably and bears fruit, regardless of the variety and care. The climate of our country may seem too harsh to this sissy. It can be sick and bear poor fruit. To avoid this in our climate, it is recommended to grow peppers in a greenhouse. For many years, gardeners have preferred the early varieties of greenhouse peppers.
Popular early varieties for greenhouses
From year to year, gardeners buy seeds of different varietal peppers. Someone decides to experiment and takes a new variety for themselves. Someone, using the experience of past years, gives preference to already proven varieties. But, regardless of the reasons for buying, there are varieties that are constantly popular with experienced gardeners and beginners. So, let's take a closer look at the most popular varieties of greenhouse peppers.
This variety is rightfully considered to be early maturing. The ripening period of its fruits will not exceed 120 days. Low bushes with a height of only 50 cm can please with a high yield.
The peppers are shaped like a cone. They are not very large and have a shiny and smooth texture. Their average weight will be about 120 grams. Before ripening, they are colored pale green. As they mature, their color turns to bright orange. The walls are 5-7 mm thick.
The taste characteristics of the Apricot Favorite are simply excellent. Peppers are distinguished by their juiciness. They are good not only fresh, but also perfect for blanks. It will be possible to collect up to 19 kg of peppers from a square meter of greenhouse land.
An early ripe compact variety, which will ripen for about 110 days. Its neat bushes are up to 80 cm high. A distinctive feature is its yield. The peppers are large enough, weighing about 120 grams. They are slightly ribbed and smooth in appearance, and have a prismatic shape. As they ripen, the fruits gradually turn from dark green to deep red. The walls of the fetus are 5 cm thick.
The tobacco mosaic virus is not scary for this plant. But many gardeners report a vulnerability to top rot. The harvest reaches 13 kg of peppers per square meter.
Winnie the Pooh
This variety pleases not only with its name, but also with early ripening, which occurs after 100 days. The bushes of this pepper are not high, and the lateral branches, tightly pressed against the stem, make it also compact. The size of an adult bush will not exceed 30 cm in height. The conical peppers have a smooth surface and turn red as they ripen. The weight of the fruit is 60 grams, and the wall is about 6 cm thick.
Advice! To increase the yield, it is recommended to plant the plants closer to each other.
Winnie the Pooh peppers taste great. They have juicy sweet flesh. These peppers are well suited for winter harvesting. The plant is immune to verticillium. Also, he is not afraid of aphids. A square meter will yield up to 5 kg of harvest.
This is an early variety that ripens no later than 130 days from germination. A plant with a height of up to 65 cm has oval cone-shaped fruits weighing up to 100 grams. The surface of the fruit is smooth. The color of the fruit changes as it ripens from light green to red. The wall of the fetus is 7 mm thick.
The swallow is immune to verticillium. It is suitable for canning. In addition, peppers have a long shelf life and are not afraid of transportation.
An early ripe variety with low compact bushes. The average height of the bush will be 60 cm. Yarik's cone-shaped peppers begin to ripen at 90 days and turn yellow as maturity increases. The average weight of the fetus will be 90 grams.
Yarik has a tasty, juicy and aromatic pulp. Plants are resistant to tobacco mosaic. High yield allows you to collect up to 12 kg of fruits per square meter.
Popular hybrid varieties for greenhouses
Hybrid varieties were created by crossing two common varieties. The belonging of the variety to the hybrid is indicated by the designation "F1" on the seed package. Hybrids differ significantly from regular peppers. They are more productive, they have better appearance and taste characteristics. In addition, the hybrids have larger fruit sizes and more compact bushes. But these good features come at a price - they require better care.
Important! Seeds collected from hybrid plants are not suitable for further planting. They will not have the genetics of the hybrid variety and may either not grow at all or grow into something else. Therefore, hybrid seeds are purchased anew every year.
This is perhaps the most popular hybrid greenhouse cultivar. Considering that it takes about 120 days to mature, it can be classified as an early-maturing hybrids. This hybrid is distinguished by its yield - up to 20 kg / m2.
Due to the fact that the height of an adult plant does not exceed 80 cm, it can also be grown in low film greenhouses. Pepper Atlant F1 has an elongated cone shape with a glossy sheen. The average fruit weight is 190 grams. When mature, it has a bright red color. The walls are about 4-5 mm thick.
This pepper has an excellent taste, it is juicy and aromatic. It can be used for spin. Antant F1 is resistant to many diseases and undemanding to care for.
This early ripe hybrid is able to please the harvest in 90 days. This sweet pepper has sprawling bushes up to 1 meter in height. Given that the bushes are semi-determinant, they need a support or a garter. The elongated cone-shaped fruits of this hybrid have an interesting gradient color from dark green to red. The maximum weight of pepper will not exceed 120 grams, wall thickness - 5 mm.
The pulp has good taste, it is juicy and aromatic. The hybrid is versatile in its purpose. It can be used with equal success fresh, in home cooking and canning. It does not lose its freshness for a long time and is immune to tobacco mosaic and top rot. Subject to the maintenance standards, the yield will be up to 10 kg per square meter.
Star of the East chocolate F1
Hybrid variety with early fruit ripening. The bushes of the plant are powerful and branched, their height will not exceed 70 cm.About 100 days from the day of germination, its large, cylinder-like fruits begin to ripen. The weight of the fruit ranges from 260 to 350 grams, and the walls are 10 mm thick. This hybrid stands out from others due to the unusual dark brown color of the fruit.
The hybrid tastes good and has a sweet and juicy flesh. Its resistance to diseases and excellent shelf life are striking. In addition, the yield will be up to 10 kg per square meter.
This variety is an early hybrid and begins to ripen in 100 days. Its tall bushes are compact in size. Ripe peppers have a bright red color, weigh 200 grams and a wall thickness of 10 mm.
The fruits have excellent taste characteristics, they are tender and juicy. The yield per square meter is impressive - you can harvest up to 14 kg.
An early ripe hybrid variety for greenhouse conditions. It will take about 100 days from germination to ripening. This plant is difficult to classify as compact. Besides the fact that they have a lot of leaves, they can grow up to 1 meter in height. To prevent the plant from breaking under its own weight, it should be tied up. The fruits of this hybrid variety have the shape of a cone-prism and weigh up to 200 grams. In the ripening phase, they turn red with green inclusions.
Peppers have aromatic, sweet and juicy flesh. Due to this, they are ideal not only for fresh consumption, but also for curling. The hybrid has good resistance to tobacco mosaic and verticillium. The yield will be up to 8 kg / m2.
Ultra-early varieties and hybrids for greenhouses
Every gardener wants to see the result of his efforts as soon as possible - his harvest. Given the conditions of our climate, getting a quick harvest is extremely difficult. And here selection comes to the rescue. Now you can choose a lot of both conventional and hybrid varieties that are capable of ripening in an ultra-short time. At the same time, the fruits of such selection do not lose, but only increase their beneficial properties and resistance to diseases.
An ultra-early ripening hybrid variety with compact bushes up to 80 cm. The average ripening period of peppers is 90 days. The pale green fruits of this hybrid turn yellow as they ripen to a light yellow color. The shape of the fruit is cuboid with a smooth and glossy skin. Their mass will not exceed 160 cm, and the wall thickness will be 5-7 mm.
For Belladonna F1, tobacco mosaic is not scary. The yield per square meter will range from 10 to 15 kg.
This hybrid variety can be considered the record holder for the speed of ripening. After planting in March, the bushes of this hybrid begin to bear fruit in June. Delicate yellow fruits weigh up to 150 grams on average.
Blondie is a very productive plant, disease resistant and has a high quality fruit.
This sweet pepper is one of the first to ripen. Moreover, even a lack of light in the greenhouse is not able to affect its harvest. The plant is distinguished by its height - about 150 cm. Not even 90 days will pass before it will be possible to collect small fruits from its spreading bushes. The average mass of pepper will be about 40 grams, but on one bush there will be about 45 pieces. This variety is called Health for a reason. Its red fruits are just a storehouse of nutrients. They have juicy flesh and thin skin. In addition to eating fresh fruits, they can be successfully preserved.
Health resistant to top rot. It has a high yield and allows you to harvest up to 5 kg per square meter.
This is an ultra-early hybrid cultivar for cultivation in a greenhouse, which is distinguished by its height - up to 1 meter. Therefore, for its full development, the greenhouse must have a height of at least 1.5 meters. The peppers will ripen for about 90 days. The color of the fruit is surprising: it changes from a pale green to dark purple. Peppers grow large, weighing up to 280 grams. The wall thickness is 8 mm.
Cardinal F1 is immune to tobacco mosaic. A square meter will yield about 15 kg.
In addition to being an ultra-early variety, it is even better adapted to planting in our latitudes than many others. When sown in March, the first harvest begins no later than June. The Triton bush is highly branched and quite tall - up to 50 cm. Ripe peppers have a bright red color and resemble a spindle in shape. Fruit weight will not exceed 120 grams.
A distinctive feature is the high quality of its fruits. It is suitable for both cooking and canning. In addition, it is immune to many diseases and is well stored. The harvest per square meter can be up to 10 kg.
All of the listed varieties of peppers have good yields and are not picky to care for. But nevertheless, in order to obtain a bountiful harvest, it is necessary to follow the simple requirements of agricultural technology. When planting, you should adhere to the dates and conditions of planting recommended by the seed manufacturer. In addition, peppers respond very well to regular grooming, which includes:
- top dressing;
- loosening the soil.
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Maria, 51 years old, Yaroslavl
I always plant Agapovsky. He never upset me, the yield and taste are at their best. At the same time, it has good resistance to diseases. Well suited for winter harvesting.
Olga, 42 years old, Irkutsk
For the greenhouse I decided to try the hybrid Atlant variety. The peppers grew very tasty and beautiful. It is a pity that the seeds are not suitable for further use, you will have to buy more.
Vitaly, 56 years old, Alexandrov
For my greenhouse I use only time-tested seeds: Swallow, Agapovsky and Belladonna hybrid variety. I always get a good harvest.