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Many gardeners are of the opinion that growing cucumbers is not very difficult, especially when the crop is intended for open ground. In some ways, of course, they are right, if they have accumulated experience behind them. Novice gardeners need to know when and on what soil it is better to plant cucumbers, as well as to be guided in the choice of seeds. Today we'll talk about the varieties of cucumbers that are optimal for the middle lane.
Basic rules for planting cucumbers in open ground
It is optimal to plant cucumbers in the middle lane at the end of May. Varieties intended for open ground can be planted with seeds or seedlings, as long as the ground is warm at the time of planting.
To get a good harvest of cucumbers in the middle lane, it is important to follow several basic planting rules:
- Proper seed preparation will help you get healthy cucumber sprouts. Immediately before sowing, the seeds are warmed up and moistened. This procedure will give the future plant immunity and reduce its incidence.
- As for the beds for cucumbers, its preparation requires digging a small trench with an approximate dimensions of 30x30 cm.The bottom of the trench is covered with humus about 15 cm thick, and on top of it with earth mixed with manure. As a result, a garden bed with a small mound should turn out under the cucumbers. The elevation is needed for good drainage.
- The seeds are sown on a mound in one line. Each seed is buried in the ground to a depth of 2 cm.It is important to observe a step between the seeds of 15 cm, and the distance between the rows should be at least 70 cm.For the best result of germination, 2 or 3 seeds are placed in one hole at once. The stronger one is chosen from the sprouted shoots, and the rest are removed.
- The middle zone is characterized by a cool climate, accompanied by morning frosts. To protect the cucumbers from cooling, the beds are covered with foil.
Many outdoor gardeners often use cucumber seedlings, trying to get early harvests. For such transplants, you need to have a certain skill so as not to injure the root system of the plant.
Advice! For beginner gardeners, it is better to grow cucumber seedlings in peat cups. They rot well in the soil and serve as an additional fertilizer for the cucumber.
But, the main thing is that by planting a plant together with a glass, the root system remains intact. Such a plant does not get sick and immediately begins to grow intensively.
The best varieties for beginner gardeners
To get a good first harvest of cucumbers on your site, you need to select seed material suitable for the climate of the middle lane. For a start, it is advisable to give preference to varieties that are less demanding in care. After gaining experience, it will be possible to experiment next year with more whimsical plants. Many cucumbers can be called the best varieties for open ground, but it is advisable for novice gardeners to try well-proven vegetables.
A big plus of the variety is unpretentiousness, resistance to low temperatures, good fertility and tasty fruits.
The vegetable is an early type of hybrids. The first fruits can be obtained 45 days after germination. The plant is very compact and practically forms a bush by itself. This allows you to grow a cucumber even in any container on the loggia, and on the open ground it is convenient to cover it with a film from morning frost. Large cucumbers grow up to 25 cm long and weigh about 250 g. The vegetable is ideal for open ground for beginner gardeners.
The advantage of cucumber is its resistance to viral diseases.
Cucumbers of this variety are of the bee-pollinated type. The plant is characterized by intensive growth of the stem with developed shoots, covered with mixed flowers. Short fruits up to 7 cm long are considered universal, as they are used for conservation and preparation of fresh salads.
One of the earliest open field cucumbers allows you to get an early harvest 39 days after germination.
The vegetable belongs to parthenocarpic hybrids. The fruit with a maximum length of 12 cm is covered with large pimples. The plant forms a medium-sized whip with small lateral shoots. The advantage of a hybrid is the presence of disease immunity.
The plant tolerates many diseases and is not afraid of poor growing conditions.
Gherkin type cucumbers are early-maturing hybrids. The first crop can be removed from the bush 39 days after germination. Parthenocarpic gherkin forms fruits with large pimples. The dignity of the hybrid is in the complete absence of bitterness at the genetic level, long and abundant fruiting.
The dignity of the variety is in good yield with an excellent taste of ripe fruits.
This variety of cucumbers is considered pickling. The plant begins to bear fruit on the 53rd day after planting in the ground. The cucumber is not afraid of powdery mildew and a number of other bacterial diseases. Small fruits weighing 120 g and a maximum length of 12 cm are densely covered with large pimples.
The hybrid, resistant to almost all diseases, belongs to mid-season bee-pollinated cucumbers. Fruiting occurs 55 days after planting in the ground. Ripe cucumbers are covered with small pimples. With a maximum length of 12 cm, the fruit weighs 100 g. The cucumber is best suited for barrel pickling and preservation. The dignity of the variety is in crispy fruits without bitterness with a sweet aftertaste.
Important! The advantage of all cucumbers intended for cultivation in the middle lane is the presence of immunity to fungal diseases and resistance to cold weather.
Optimal varieties for shady gardens
The disadvantage of open ground is often the presence of shady areas of the garden. The sun's rays can block large trees or tall structures. Cucumbers, of course, do not like extreme heat, but still, without the sun, the plant does not receive the whole complex of natural vitamins. And for the middle lane in a cool climate, a cucumber, in general, will be uncomfortable to grow in such a place.
However, this does not mean that the shaded areas will be empty. For such conditions, there are specially bred varieties of cucumbers.
The video shows the varieties for the middle lane:
The variety has the peculiarity of overripe fruit. In order for the cucumber not to turn yellow, it is necessary to harvest on time.
Cucumbers of this variety are salted. The plant tolerates short-term cold snaps and feels good under the shade of trees. Small fruits up to 8 cm long ripen in 45 days, however, under good conditions, the first ovary can appear 35 days after germination.
"The secret of the F1 company"
These cucumbers are parthenocarpic hybrids. The first ovaries appear 38 days after germination. The medium-branching plant is covered with female-type flowers. A medium-sized fruit weighs a maximum of 115 g. On the peel, protuberances in the form of ribs are weakly visible. The vegetable is considered to be of universal use. The dignity of the variety is its resistance to diseases.
"F1 evenings near Moscow"
The hybrid is resistant to viral diseases. The dignity of the variety is in universal fruits with excellent taste, suitable for salting and fresh consumption.
The vegetable belongs to the parthenocarpic species. The first cucumbers appear 45 days after planting in the ground. The plant has strong, intensively growing lashes with female-type flowers. A dark green vegetable with pimples covered with white thorns. With a maximum weight of 110 g, the length of a cucumber reaches 14 cm.
Overview of varieties by ripening time
Having considered the best, in the opinion of gardeners, cucumbers intended for planting on open beds in the middle lane, it is time to get acquainted with other varieties. For convenience, we will divide them into groups by ripening time.
Early ripe cucumbers
High productivity, together with good immunity to diseases, brought the cucumber popularity among summer residents.
The first ovary appears after germination in 43 days. The plant of medium height can be grown in the garden and under the film in the greenhouse. Small fruits without bitterness, 8 cm long, weigh about 75 g, and are also considered universal in purpose.
"Altai early 166"
The plant is resistant to temperature extremes, as well as fungal diseases. The fruits are used for making fresh salads.
Cucumbers ripen 37 days after germination. Fruits are light green in color and do not turn yellow. The mass of a cucumber 9 cm long is 80 g.
Ripening of a cucumber occurs 35 days after germination. The oval-shaped fruit is covered with large pimples. With a length of 13 cm, the cucumber weighs 150 g. The bee-pollinated plant has good yields. The purpose of the fetus is universal.
The variety is resistant to low temperatures and lack of moisture. Fruiting occurs 40 days after germination. A crispy cucumber with a maximum length of 11 cm weighs 140 g. The plant grows well in the garden and under the film.
Purpose - universal, for pickling and fresh salads.
The self-pollinated hybrid bears its first fruits 35 days after germination. Dark green cucumbers are covered with large pimples. Fruit length 11 cm, weight - 90 g. A ripe vegetable has no bitterness property.
A feature of the variety is the yellowness of the cucumbers in case of late harvest.
The plant bears fruit 42 days after germination. The green fruit is covered with longitudinal light stripes. A dense vegetable with crispy flesh is ideal for pickles and fresh dishes.
The high-yielding plant is resistant to diseases, grows well in open ground and under a film.
The bee-pollinated cucumber variety bears its first fruits 48 days after germination. A large fruit 12 cm long weighs about 110 g, covered with light thorns on top. The cucumber has a universal purpose.
Medium ripening cucumber varieties
Mid-season cucumbers are great for pickles, canning, salads, which creates a demand for them among summer residents.
Overripe fruits do not turn yellow for a long time. Suitable for preservation and fresh consumption.
Fruit ripeness occurs 49 days after planting. The cucumber is dark green in color, covered with light, fuzzy stripes. The peel is rarely covered with large pimples with black thorns. The maximum length of a cucumber is 14 cm, weight is 105 g.
Most often, the cucumber is consumed fresh.
The first ovary appears on the plant 51 days after germination. A dark green cucumber is covered with light stripes. A ripe fruit weighs 140 g with a maximum length of 15 cm.
A 22 cm long dark green cucumber weighs 125 g. The fruit is characterized by light stripes with large pimples. The shade-tolerant plant is resistant to many diseases. The purpose of the vegetable is universal.
"White Angel F1"
Exotic lovers will love the white fruit with small pimples. Ripening occurs approximately 50 days after germination. A cucumber is considered ripe when the color changes to a greenish color. Fruits 8 cm long are versatile in use.
Late cucumber varieties
For preservation and pickling, late-ripening cucumber varieties are best suited. Let's take a look at the very best of this group.
"Gift of Altai"
The variety has proven itself well in open beds and under film. A dark green cucumber is covered with faint light stripes with black thorns. Crispy fruit weighing 120 g is not prone to yellowness. The purpose is universal.
The dignity of the variety is resistance to heat and lack of moisture.
The appearance of the first ovary is observed 51 days after planting in the ground. Dark green fruits weighing 150 g are distinguished by an elongated shape, not prone to yellowing, intended for conservation and salads.
Cucumbers of this variety are resistant to viral diseases. Fruiting occurs 50 days after germination. The dark green fruits are 12 cm long and weigh 140 g. The purpose of the fruit is universal.
With increased immunity to major diseases, the cucumber variety has a universal purpose.
The bright green fruit with a maximum length of 11 cm weighs 110 g. Fruiting occurs 47 days after germination. The firm pulp with a characteristic crunch has excellent taste.
The video shows the varieties from which you can collect seeds:
This, of course, is an incomplete list of varieties suitable for growing in the middle lane outdoors, but among the large variety of cucumbers, these can be considered the most suitable for beginner gardeners.