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Sunflower (Helianthus) means "flower of the sun." This name the plant received not only due to the bright yellow petals, but also the ability to turn after the celestial body. A lot of people like sunflower seeds, and in folk medicine, all its parts are used for healing.
Botanical description and range of annual sunflower (oilseed)
Helianthus oil (or ordinary) in Latin is called Helianthus Annus (original name - Helianthus annuus). He belongs to the Astrov family. This is a tall herbaceous plant, reaching about 3 meters with a strong stem. The number of oval hearts of prominent leaves 49 cm long varies from 15 to 35, depending on the size of the sunflower. The view is famous for its large flowers., the middle of which is framed by yellow-orange petals and leaves below.
The historical homeland of common sunflower is Mexico and Peru. It was from there that they were brought to Russia, as well as to other countries. Today, sunflower grows as a cultivated plant in many regions with a suitable climate.
Active substances of sunflower
Sunflower is a whole storehouse of useful substances of natural origin. Therefore, they are easily absorbed by the human body. What is oily in sunflower?
- fatty type oils;
- flavanoids and many others other
Each of these substances have useful properties, which gives the plant healing power.
The healing properties of sunflower
The healing and beneficial properties of sunflower
How exactly do folk remedies prepared from sunflower affect the body? With regular use, they:
- lower the temperature;
- reduce spasmodic pain;
- strengthen immunity;
- relieve inflammation;
- destroy bacteria;
- prevent the formation of cholesterol plaques;
- produce a choleretic, astringent and laxative effect.
Therefore, the sunflower is used to treat an extensive list of ailments or to prevent them.
Procurement of medicinal raw materials
To collect sunflower, you should choose plants growing away from noisy roads. The optimal time for the procurement of medicinal raw materials from the ground is the flowering time. In traditional medicine use:
- yellow petals;
- small leaves without stalks;
- cut stems that are chopped.
Roots and seeds are harvested in September.
After collecting, the raw materials must be washed, crushed if necessary, and dried in a dark ventilated room. These ingredients for traditional medicine medicines are stored in tissue bags. Billets retain their beneficial properties for two years.
The use of sunflower in traditional medicine
Since various parts of sunflower (seeds, flowers, leaves, stems and roots) contain biologically active substances that affect the functioning of the human body, traditional medicine experts consider the plant universal: everything will come in handy. It is difficult to list all recipes from parts of sunflower - here are some of them.
Sunflower Seed Recipes
If a person suffers from whooping cough - a disease caused by bacteria, then he is recommended to take a decoction of sunflower seeds. The drug will also help with exacerbation of tonsillitis and with other diseases of the nasopharynx, if bacteria are their causative agent. To prepare the broth, you need 3 tbsp. tablespoons of sunflower seeds, previously crushed. Such a powder is poured into 500 ml of pure water and kept at a boil over low heat until the volume of liquid decreases by a quarter. To make the taste of the drink more pleasant, the water can be sweetened with sugar, its substitute or jam. Take the medicine for 10-14 days. If relief does not come, the course is repeated after 5 days.
Another broth is also useful for the symptoms of colds, but it is also effective in lowering bad cholesterol in the blood. It is useful for people suffering from or prone to atherosclerosis. To prepare a decoction, take 500 g of seeds in 2 liters of water, and boil for 2 hours. The drug must be taken for at least 2 months: twice a day for half a glass.
What are the benefits of sunflower seeds
Healing remedies with leaves and stalks of sunflower
Alcohol tincture of sunflower leaves, where you can add petals, in traditional medicine it is traditionally used to stimulate the digestive tract and increase appetite. It also helps patients with neuralgia and lung disease. For the preparation of medicine 3 tbsp. tablespoons of plant material insist in a dark place on a glass of quality vodka for a week. Take this tool 2 times every day for 40 drops. The course of treatment is 30 days.
Those who suffer from diseases of the genitourinary system and disorders of the thyroid gland will be useful decoction of the stems of the plant. They are crushed, and 2 handfuls of raw materials are put in a jar of cool water with a volume of 3 liters per day. After this, the liquid is decanted and brought to a boil. It remains only to cover the jar with gauze or a breathable fabric, and to stand for another 24 hours. They take the medicine half a glass 3 times a day for a month, and then take a break a week.
Sunflower root remedies
A decoction is prepared from the root of the sunflower, which brings relief in diseases of the musculoskeletal system such as arthritis, osteochondrosis and the deposition of salts in the joints. It will take 1 tbsp. teaspoon of crushed and pre-dried sunflower roots, which is poured with 3 liters of boiling water, and cooked on low heat for about 10 minutes. After filtering, this medicine must be taken 2/3 cup three times a day for a month. It is recommended to follow a salt-free diet during the treatment period.
The broth can also be used to treat prostate adenoma, using it as an enema fluid. To prepare such a medicine, 1 cup of chopped roots is boiled in 3 l of water in an enameled bowl. Then the broth should be infused for another 3 hours. The optimal amount of fluid for an enema session is 1 liter. Also, with an ailment, it is recommended to use 150 g of sunflower oil.
The use of flowers, inflorescences and petals of a sunflower
A universal floral decoction of flowers or individual petals of a sunflower will help both for the treatment of diseases, and for prevention, and for improving health in general. Prepare it like this: 2 tablespoons of crushed raw materials are boiled in a glass of water for no more than 10 minutes. The liquid is insisted for another hour, after which simple water is added to the original volume. Broth drink 3 tbsp. tablespoons 3-4 times a day. It is better to do this half an hour before eating.
With colds and other inflammatory diseases associated with the activity of pathogenic bacteria, an infusion of sunflower petals will help relieve fever and destroy the causative agents of the disease. It will take 2 tbsp. tablespoons of raw materials insist in a glass of hot water for 10-12 minutes. It is especially useful to drink this remedy before going to bed.
Tincture of a small flower of sunflower on vodka relieves pain with gout. It is crushed and put in a 1 liter jar so that the plant fills a third of the container. The rest of the space is occupied by vodka. The infusion time is 2 weeks. You need to take medicine for 1 tbsp. spoon twice a day for 15-20 minutes before eating. Tincture is also used externally as a means for rubbing.
On the benefits and harms of sunflower seeds for children
The children's body is constantly evolving, so it is very susceptible to any influences from outside. A special role is played by food. What will be useful and how will the sunflower seeds harm the child?
- The content of antioxidants that eliminate toxins from the body, vegetable fats and vitamins. All these substances have a beneficial effect on children's health.
- Seeds normalize the acid-base balance and have an optimal ratio of proteins, fats, carbohydrates.
- In sunflower seeds, there are many useful micro and macro elements. First of all, we are talking about calcium and iron, which are essential for growth and well-being.
- According to psychologists, the process of snapping seeds calms the nervous system.
- If you constantly bite the seeds with your teeth, then this will destroy their soft enamel.
- Seeds negatively affect the vocal cords - this must be taken into account during puberty.
- Excessive amounts of cadmium in the product can cause kidney problems.
Therefore, the number of seeds that the child nibbles should be controlled by the parents.
Contraindications and harm to culture
Acceptance of preparations made from sunflower is contraindicated for people with individual intolerance to the plant and allergies to it. It is better to refrain from treatment by pregnant and lactating women, because in their condition it is better not to experiment with traditional medicine. It is not recommended to use them for the treatment of young children under 12 years old, and before reaching adulthood, the approval of a doctor is necessary.
The harm from eating a sunflower inside is associated primarily with its seeds.. If you bite them in an excessive amount, you can even gain weight due to the high calorie content of the product. Seeds also irritate the gastrointestinal mucosa, so they are harmful for gastritis, ulcers, colitis and other inflammatory phenomena of this part of the body. Occasionally cause swelling due to destabilization of the kidneys, if you bite too many seeds.
How to make a decoction of sunflower root
Sunflower is bright flowers, a source of oil and seeds, as well as a plant that is successfully used in folk medicine. Means made from it have a wide spectrum of action. Their recipes are quite simple, so everyone can use them if desired.