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The blackberry mushroom is not successful among mushroom pickers due to some species with a burning taste. However, there are varieties related to edible and tasty mushrooms.
Botanical Description of Blackberry Mushrooms
The appearance and taste of blackberries resembles a fox, although these mushrooms are not relatives. Blackberries are difficult to confuse with poisonous or any other representatives of the kingdom of mushrooms. The main distinguishing feature is the peculiar spines on the underside of the cap. The upper part of the cap is smooth or bumpy.
Like chanterelles, blackberries grow in large colonies and are almost never affected by pests. There are more than a dozen types of blackberries, many of which are listed in the Red Book.
Nutritional value and edibility of blackberry mushrooms
Despite the fact that the mushroom has a pleasant smell, not every gourmet will eat it. In terms of taste, it occupies the fourth category. For culinary purposes use only young mushroomsas mature individuals begin to bite. To eliminate the bitter taste, raw materials should be boiled.
To prepare the dish, usually only the caps of the fruiting body are used. They have a mild sweet taste and a pleasant nutty aroma. 100 grams of product contains 22 kcal.
French cuisine has many recipes from mushrooms for main dishes, as well as mousses, julienne, snacks or side dishes. Powder made from dry specimens is used as a seasoning that gives the dishes a piquant taste.
Where does the blackberry grow
BlackBerry Places and Season
Unpretentious mushrooms spread throughout the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere, including the vast territory of Russia. Blackberries prefer to settle in both coniferous and deciduous forests.
A hedgehog-like mushroom grows on tree trunks, usually on a birch, oak or beech tree. It settles on both living and dead wood. Plant hedgehogs love a warm and humid climate. The fruiting season begins from the middle of the autumn period and continues until the first frost.
Types of Blackberry Mushrooms
Blackberries originally belonged to the genus Gidnum. Subsequently, scientists, identifying differences between species, divided the genus into families. Most of them are quite rare, and some of them are listed in the Red Book.
A common sign of all species is the spore-bearing layer (hymenophore), which, instead of the tubes and plates located under the cap, has needle-shaped spikes. Although they are not sharp, but tough enough. The fruit body in shape varies from the traditional hat-legged to coral-shaped and branched.
Variegated blackberry (tiled)
Conditionally edible mushroom of the genus Sarkodon, which is popularly called kolchak or hawk. The motley mushroom was nicknamed because of its colorful coloring and large convex scales on the hat, similar to tiles.
The brown hat grows to a considerable size, reaching a diameter of 20 cm. In the central part it has a recess in the form of a funnel. In young individuals, the edge of the cap is wrapped. Below are brittle spikes, descending to a massive leg, which is painted in lighter colors than a hat. Inside is whitish and dense. Prefers to settle in coniferous forests.
The meaty hat with a diameter of 6 to 12 cm has a flat shape and a concave middle. Depending on the region of growth, the color changes from white to orange. It feels smooth with a heavily detachable film. On the lower part there are yellow brittle spikes descending to the stem.
Often there are instances with a leg attached not in the center. The pulp has a dense structure and whitish color. The height of the cylindrical legs is up to 6 cm. The bottom is slightly expanded. In the process of growth, parts of the fruiting body can grow together.
Most often grows in cool places, covered with a dense cover of grass or moss. It can grow singly or in groups, forming long rows or circles. Fruits from mid-summer to late autumn.
This unusual mushroom makes the forest mysterious and magical. But since he is listed in the Red Book, the probability of meeting him is very small. Usually the mushroom settles one by one on the stumps and trunks of fallen deciduous trees.
The shape of the branched fruit resembles underwater coral, reaching 20 centimeters in size. Smooth or curved spikes growing up to 2 cm are painted in white or cream color.
The structure of the fruit body is elastic-fibrous, white with a pleasant smell and taste. In mature individuals, it becomes harsh.
The appearance of the fruiting body resembles noodles, which gave it the synonym names: bearded mushroom, mushroom noodles and lion's mane. It is found on living and dead hardwood. The shape of the mushroom is round or irregular, reaching 20 cm. The weight of one body can be 1.5 kg.
Ready-made resembles seafood. The color is in the spectrum between cream and light beige. The fleshy flesh, when dried, turns from white to yellowish. In addition to good taste, it has healing properties.
It is very rare in some countries, so it is grown artificially on a substrate of sawdust or straw. The product is actively used in the food industry because of the similar taste with shrimp, as well as for medical purposes as a stimulant of immunity.
Features of motley blackberry
The healing properties of blackberries
Of all the known species of this fungus, it is the lion's mane that is characterized by the maximum number of useful properties. It includes antioxidants, phosphorus, calcium, iron, vegetable proteins, polysaccharides and vitamins.
The use of blackberries has the following effects on the body:
- improves respiratory function;
- contributes to the successful fight against depression and increased irritability;
- has a therapeutic effect on the digestive tract;
- normalizes the emotional state;
- smoothes the symptoms of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's;
- lowers cholesterol;
- strengthens the body's defenses;
- normalizes metabolic processes;
- normalizes hematopoietic processes;
- prevents the occurrence of malignant tumors.
The presence of fatty acids, polysaccharides, and phenols fights cancer cells like chemotherapy. As a result, tumors dissolve or decrease in size. Extracts obtained from the fungus are used in the production of agents against fungal, viral and bacterial infections. In traditional medicine, ointments for skin diseases are made from it.
How to cook a blackberry mushroom (blackberry)
The shelf life of fresh mushrooms is small, only 2-3 hours. Then the fruits begin to darken. If you need to keep the crop for a longer period, it should be placed in the refrigerator, having completed several steps before this:
- to get rid of pests, mushrooms need to be soaked in salt water;
- allow water to drain and remove damaged areas;
- Place in a deep container and cover with a paper towel.
The advantage of blackberries over other representatives of the mushroom kingdom is that it does not have milky juice, which gives the fruit an unpleasant bitter taste. In view of this feature, boiling the crude product in slightly salted water has a different meaning.
It is recommended to boil the harvested crop in order to give the fragrant forest product softness. After this procedure, it can be fried or stewed. Although boiling is not a strict rule, it improves the taste of the mushroom. For the processing of mushrooms for the winter, it is recommended to salt, freeze or dry them.
Blackberries, like all mushrooms, like a sponge, accumulate toxic substances from the environment. In order to avoid harm to the body, you should go in search of mushrooms only in ecologically clean areas.