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When buying this exotic fruit for the first time, most people don't know whether to peel an avocado and how to do it correctly. This is not surprising: after all, some have simply not yet had time to taste the unusual fruit and do not know how to properly handle it.
Do I need to peel an avocado
The avocado, or alligator pear, is very popular with healthy lifestyle enthusiasts. Its pulp is very useful, it consists of easily digestible fats and vitamins K, C, E, B. Before use, it is recommended to thoroughly wash and peel the avocado. The skin of the fruit does not have a pronounced taste. It is quite tough and contains toxins, which, if intolerantly, cause an allergic reaction and upset the gastrointestinal tract.
How to peel an avocado at home
The skin of the avocado fruit is rough. Irregularities can accumulate a lot of dirt and germs. Therefore, before peeling an avocado at home, be sure to wash the fruit under warm water using a soft sponge. It is also important to do this to prevent germs from entering the flesh when peeling the peel.
The peel of a ripe fruit literally exfoliates itself from the pulp. It is easy to clean it with your hands, simply by starting to pull the peel away from the stalk. You can also arm yourself with a knife and peel the fruit "like a potato" by cutting the peel from top to bottom. Another way is to peel the avocado like a banana: Cut off the top and pull the skin down with the edge of a knife. But these options won't work for tough, unripe fruit. To properly peel a green avocado, you need to take a sharp small knife and carefully cut the peel, trying to remove as little pulp as possible. You can better understand how to peel an avocado from the video:
How to remove the pit from an avocado
The stone in the fruits of the alligator pear is not edible. It, like the peel, contains toxic substances. Therefore, in order to avoid negative consequences, it is recommended to consume only fruits that have been completely peeled.
To remove the bone, cut the avocado in half: stick a knife into the center of the wider part of the fruit and insert it into the pulp until the blade rests on the bone, then continue to cut the fruit along the bone. You should get two halves: one with bone, the other without. The bone can be removed with a spoon by simply picking it up from the bottom. Some pull out the bone with a knife: sticking a blade into it, twisting it to the sides.
Important! When peeling an avocado from a pit with a knife, you need to be careful. The blade can slip off and injure inexperienced cooks.
How to cut an avocado
A ripe avocado has a very soft texture, so it can be easily sliced in a variety of ways for specific dishes. For salads, peeled avocados are often cut into cubes, and for rolls - into strips. You can also chop the pulp with a fork if you want to make a sauce such as guacamole. This is a very popular cold appetizer based on avocado pore. For guacamole, it is not necessary to completely chop the pulp of the peeled fruit, small whole pieces are allowed. The resulting puree is mixed with lemon juice and salt. Sometimes tomatoes, chopped herbs and various spices are used as additional ingredients.
How to cut an avocado in half
To properly cut an avocado in half, you need to take a knife no longer than 15 cm, otherwise it will be inconvenient to work. The peeled fruit should be placed on a cutting board and cut at the widest part of the fruit. You need to continue to press on the blade until it reaches the bone. As soon as the knife hits the bone, you should continue to cut in a straight line already the upper part of the fruit. Then, on the upper part, draw an approximate cut line on the other side and do everything in the same way. The cut lines should be in the same place on both sides. After that, take the fruit and put your hand on its top half. After scrolling both parts left and right, so that the pulp moves away from the bone, and remove the upper half.
Cut in half for a nutritious breakfast. The fruit must be peeled from the bone, and the peel left. Break one egg into each half. Then sprinkle with salt and pepper and bake in the oven at 180 ° C for 15 to 20 minutes. Decorate the finished dish with finely chopped parsley.
How to cut an avocado for sandwiches
Avocado has a delicate buttery pulp, which is why sandwiches with it have a very unusual texture and taste. For cooking, you need to choose fresh ripe fruit, wash it, peel it from the peel and bone. Then take half of the fruit and cut into slices no more than 0.5 cm wide.Pieces of fruit are ideal for sandwiches with salmon and curd cheese, which require the following ingredients:
- 250 g red fish (lightly salted salmon or chum salmon);
- 150 g of curd cheese;
- 1 fresh cucumber;
- 1 avocado
- 1 clove of garlic;
- bread for sandwiches;
- dill and lemon juice to taste.
First you need to mix cream cheese and herbs in a blender. Then peel the cucumber, grate it, remove excess juice and mix with cheese. Then add chopped garlic and salt. Fry the pieces of bread a little in a skillet without oil, put the fish on them. Top with curd cheese and another piece of fish. Put the avocado, peeled and cut into wedges, on top of the fish and drizzle with lemon juice.
For sandwiches, avocado is also used as a spread on bread. To do this, peel the fruit, divide it into two halves and, taking a small knife, then cut the pulp into squares, trying not to damage the skin.
Then take out all the pulp with a spoon, chop it with a fork or using a blender. You get a paste that you can season with lemon juice and salt and spread on bread instead of butter. This is a great breakfast option for dieters or fasting people.
How to cut an avocado into a salad
Avocado slices, cut into cubes, are often used in salads. To cut an avocado for salad, it must be peeled and peeled. Then take one half of the fruit and chop into cubes of the desired size. So you can make a salad with shrimp and yogurt, which will require:
- 450 g shrimp;
- 2 bell peppers;
- 2 avocados;
- 1 cucumber;
- 50 g cilantro;
- 100 g cherry tomatoes;
- 100 g Greek yogurt
- 2 tsp apple cider vinegar;
- 1 clove of garlic
Peel the shrimps and cook for no more than three minutes. Wash all vegetables, chop cilantro, cut cherry tomatoes in half. Cut the avocado and cucumber into small cubes. Peel the pepper, divide into small wedges and cut into cubes in the same way. For dressing, mix yogurt with apple cider vinegar and minced garlic. Season with salt and pepper to taste. Put all the vegetables in a deep bowl and mix with the sauce, and top with cilantro.
How to cut an avocado for rolls
Ripe and soft avocado is an essential ingredient for making good rolls. For the dish to turn out to be successful, you need to choose the right fruit. If you take an unripe fruit, it will be difficult to cut and spoil the taste.
In rolls, avocados are often cut into strips. To do this, you need to clean the fruit, divide it into two halves and remove the bone. Then take one piece and cut it open. Peel the resulting quarters (you can cut it off with a knife or just pull it so that it separates itself from the pulp). Then cut the halves into small strips. In this form, the fruit is used as a filling for vegetarian rolls or California. In addition, there are rolls in which the avocado is laid out on top. In this case, the peeled halves of the fruit are cut into thin slices. When slicing, you need to use a sharp knife, otherwise the pieces will turn out to be sloppy.
Avocados come in many varieties and the fruit can range in color from green to brown. However, for everyone there is one rule: the darker the color of the peel, the more ripe the fruit will be. Fruit softness is an important criterion when choosing a good avocado. When you press on the skin, it should break out, but it is easy to return to its original shape. If the peel is too soft, it is a sign that the fruit may be overripe and start to deteriorate near the pit. The peduncle of a ripe fruit is dry and easily detached or absent altogether. The place where the stem is attached should also be soft.
Choosing a ripe avocado the first time around is a daunting task. It takes a certain amount of experience, like with watermelons and melons. Fruits that look ripe and fresh often turn out to be rotten at the pits. This is due to improper transportation and storage of fruits in the store. In order not to be disappointed in the purchase, you can choose an unripe fruit and ripen it at home.
On plantations, avocados are harvested while still firm, and in the process of transportation they ripen. For home ripening, the fruit is placed in a paper bag or simply wrapped in paper and stored in a dark, cool place. You can put bananas in one bag with an avocado: they emit a special gas - ethylene, which speeds up ripening. But even without such "neighbors" the avocado will ripen in 3 - 5 days.
If the fruits have been cut, but have not yet been peeled, they can be stored for some time for further use. To do this, protect the pulp from browning with lemon juice. After processing, the fruit is placed in a plastic container with a lid or wrapped in cling film and stored in the refrigerator.
Advice! Lemon can be substituted with orange juice or vinegar.
Learning to peel an avocado is easy: you just need to pick a ripe fruit in the store and arm yourself with a good knife. And the peeled pulp is nice to just eat or use in various dishes.