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Today it is difficult to imagine country houses without such a structure as an aviary for a dog. Thanks to this design, owners have the opportunity to keep pets of any breed in comfortable conditions. However, the construction of such a structure is not as simple a task as it might seem at first glance.
In the matter of building a house for a pet, there are a number of important points that you should learn about before starting work. Consider how to make an aviary for a dog with your own hands.
The purpose of the aviary
The aviary, located on the territory of a suburban area, acts as a full-fledged house for the dog. In order to ensure reliable protection of the dog from environmental factors, in particular, rain and snow, during the construction of the building, it is necessary to make a full roof or canopy.
You should not rely only on a booth located in a fenced area.
If precipitation in your region happens quite often, then the animal has the opportunity to take refuge from the weather, comfortably settling in a fairly large area. If the house will be used for the winter keeping of the dog, then in this case construction should be capital. Then even in severe cold the dog will not freeze.
In order to maintain a comfortable temperature in the enclosure during the cold period, there are various heating systems. One of them can be implemented during the construction of this facility.
Sizing a site
In the construction of a dog enclosure, the key is choosing size. In addition, you must create a drawing. You will be guided by it when conducting construction work and choosing materials.
The size of the structure must be chosen, focusing on generally accepted normsdeveloped by dog breeders and considering the breed of the pet. For some of them, an individual approach is necessary.
Generally accepted standards. The dimensions of the future facility will largely depend on the following factors:
- dog dimensions;
- dog breed;
- the number of animals that will be simultaneously on the same territory.
If you keep a pet of a miniature breed, then the size of the structure should be less than when building an object for a representative of a large breed. For a small pet you can use suitable cage. It can be used not only in the country, but also in the apartment.
There are certain rules that must be observed when constructing an aviary in a suburban area:
- For dogs taller than 65 cm at the withers, the area of the aviary should be at least 10 square meters. m
- From 50 to 65 cm at the withers - the minimum area of the structure is 8 square meters. m
- Less than 50 cm - from 6 square meters. m
If several dogs are kept in the enclosure at once, or if you build a building for mom with puppies, then the construction should be quite spacious.
For a medium-sized dog, the house under construction must necessarily include three zones:
- Winter road. As it can be used a booth or other premises located on a fenced area.
- The open part of the walk.
- Part of the walk under a canopy.
In the process of building a dog’s dwelling, it is necessary to build one half of the walking area on the platform and arrange the other directly on the open ground. With this option for the distribution of the territory, your dog can take walks regardless of weather conditions, take sun baths or hide from the heat, sitting under the roof.
Calculation of area depending on the breed
Choosing the size of the enclosure, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of the breed. Large buildings are suitable for large animals. But miniature breeds living in such a house will bring serious discomfort.
For dwarf dogs In no case should street aviaries be regarded as a place for year-round use. On the street, pets of such breeds do not winter, as they will not tolerate the harsh conditions of the Russian climate.
If you keep an alabai or a shepherd, then an aviary for them should be built in accordance with the current standards for large dogs. It will also be useful to think about the height of the fence.
Separately, it is worth stopping at the construction of the dwelling. for husky breed. This dog is characterized by uncontrollable activity. It is undesirable to keep huskies in the house. Such pets need space, as well as enough space for walking. On average, representatives of this breed are up to 60 cm tall at the withers.
However, for their comfortable stay in a suburban area, it is best equip a territory with an area of 10-15 square meters. m. A rectangle-shaped fence with a 2: 3 aspect ratio is the best fence option for a husky.
The order of construction of the aviary
In order for the created building to become a comfortable home for your pet, you need to think through everything to the smallest detail. The selection of building materials is the first thing to start with. To avoid unnecessary spending, you need to correctly calculate their number.
Material selection. When you have made the final decision about the optimal location for the enclosure and decided on the size, you need to decide what materials to use to build a home for your dog. It is recommended to install at least one blank wall.
Experts advise using materials such as wood or brick. The remaining walls can be made lattice. Quite often, in order to save free space, as well as reduce the consumption of building materials, the fence is attached to the house or fence structure.
The lattice walls forming the aviary can be made of the following materials:
- metal rods;
- forged elements;
- galvanized pipes.
Not the best material for the construction of an aviary is a netting net, since it is high risk of damage to animal teethwhen it tries to cut through the fence. However, its advantage is that it is offered at an affordable price, and working with it is quite simple.
It will take more time to perform work using fittings or pipes. But the design will be durable and will last a long time. Forged aviaries have high practicality. On top of that, they are incredibly beautiful.
Features of walling
Before you build the walls of the future aviary, you need to make a foundation. To do this, they dig a trench around the perimeter of the created fence and establish a strip foundation. Sometimes a more rational solution is a columnar base.
Aviaries it’s rather laborious to build from brick. They are heavy and require a fairly powerful base. But at the same time, the low thermal conductivity of the material provides a good atmosphere for the dog to live. In addition, brick walls protect against wind and rain.
If wood is chosen as the material, then boards and beams are needed to create the frame, supports for the floor and the canopy.
Quite often, to resolve all important issues, owners of summer cottages fit comprehensively. The frame is made of metal, and the lining is made using wood.
The frame of the future building for the pet will turn out to be reliable if you arrange it from steel pipes or channels. A variant of its device should be selected at the stage of foundation work. Issues must be set in supporting places. It is to them that the frame will subsequently be welded.
For the construction of a metal aviary, the following scheme is usually used:
- A metal frame is installed.
- The mesh is pulled and then fixed by the welded joint method.
- Material processing is carried out using a protective composition against corrosion.
A metal enclosure made of reinforcement is also mounted using a welding machine. The grill is made of pre-cut rods. They are welded to the metal frame from the corner with a step of 10 cm. Next, the frame must be connected to the supporting posts, using welding to fix it.
Another option would be an aviary created by from a profile pipe. Here, the work is carried out according to the same principle as when using fittings.
Another important point in the construction of a dog house in the country is the installation of the floor. There are several options for its creation: wooden floor; concrete screed; asphalt; priming.
Quite often they install a concrete floor. However for the dog he will not the best solution. In winter, this coating becomes very cold and is often the main cause of hypothermia and various diseases of the dog.
As an alternative to concrete, you can consider asphalt. However, he also has certain disadvantages. With the onset of summer heat it very hotIn addition, special equipment is required for proper installation.
The best option in a dog house can be considered wood floors. They are quite warm, but they should be regularly treated with an antiseptic. Another method to extend the life of a wooden floor is to place the flooring 20-30 cm above ground level.
To make the coating yourself, you need to pre-purchase an edged board with a thickness of at least 40 mm and a square beam. The procedure for installing the flooring from the boards is as follows:
- The prepared material must be treated with an antiseptic.
- Using a beam, put together a frame, and then lay the logs for flooring of the future coating.
- Lay out the boards on the frame to fit the seams.
- Using wood screws, as well as using a screwdriver as the main tool, it is necessary to fix the flooring on the frame.
- Further, the arranged coating is varnished and painted to protect against negative factors.
Roof selection and design
So that regardless of weather conditions, the Rottweiler or a representative of another breed feels comfortable while in the aviary, it is necessary to take care of the construction of the canopy. Thanks to the roof, the shade will be provided in the hot months, and the rain will not wet the animal.
In most cases, in dog houses pent roof. In order for you to have an idea of how to make a roof, you first need to solve the issue with the material. For roofing, you can use slate, decking, wood and roofing material, as well as soft tiles.
Slate and decking are popular materials on the Russian market. They are united by the fact that they are stacked on the same principle. First, using the bars, a frame is created, and then sheets of roofing material must be sewn to it.
If soft coatings are used, then it is necessary to create a frame fill the OSB sheets. They will act as a crate. After that, sheathing is performed with the selected material - roofing material or soft tile.
After completing the basic work, the home for the dog can be considered ready. However, it is too early to launch your pet into it. You need to think about dog nutrition. For these purposes, you need to make a feeder. You should familiarize yourself with the basic requirements for its location:
- a feeder arranged in an aviary should be slightly raised above the ground;
- water and food should be located in different water bowls, and the possibility of their accidental mixing should be completely excluded;
- the location of the feeder in the aviary should be in the reach zone not only for the pet, but also for the new owner;
- ideal when the owner of the animal can sprinkle food without entering the aviary.
The simplest version of the device for feeding a dog is their fixing near the outer wall fence arranged aviary. You can make a special design of a retractable type, which will provide convenience not only for the dog, but also for the owner.
Living in a suburban area will bring joy to your pet if you arrange a spacious enclosure for a dog, a drawing with dimensions will help create a comfortable home for the dog. The enclosure enclosure will become a barrier restricting its freedom of movement in a small area where it can be without a chain.
To properly build a house for a dog, you need to read articles on the Internet. From their contents, you can learn how to build an aviary for a dog with your own hands. If you follow the recommendations, errors will be eliminated in the construction of a dog house. Upon completion of work, the pet will appear comfortable place to stay.