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The Kansas peony is a herbaceous crop variety. The perennial plant is grown in various regions. Used to design summer cottages and adjoining territories.
Description of peony Kansas
A perennial culture has been growing in one place for about 15 years. The Kansas variety belongs to herbaceous peonies with a high degree of frost resistance. Without additional shelter, it can withstand temperatures as low as -35 0C.
The plant is characterized by satisfactory drought tolerance. With full watering, it feels comfortable in hot climates. The Kansas peony is grown in the European part, in the Urals, in the Central regions, the Middle Belt, in the North Caucasus, in the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories.
The Kansas variety, created on the basis of the wild-growing milk-flowered peony, has inherited a strong immunity to viral, fungal and bacterial infections. It is affected by pests during the mass distribution of the latter.
External characteristics of the Kansas variety:
- The peony grows in the form of a compact bush.
Reaches about 1 m in height
- Stems are strong, dark green, tough, keep their shape well, slightly disintegrate under the weight of the flowers.
- The leaves are alternately arranged, dark, large, lanceolate, with smooth edges and pronounced veins.
- The lower part of the peony's leaf plate has a small, sparse edge.
- The root system is strong, mixed, occupies a root circle within 80 cm.
Advice! So that the bush does not disintegrate during flowering, looks neat and taut, the stems are tied with a rope and fixed on a support.
If the peony is planted solo on the site, fixation is not needed; in its natural form, the Kansas variety looks decorative. Due to its powerful root system, the peony grows rapidly, forms numerous lateral shoots and root shoots. For a full-fledged growing season, the plant needs a sufficient amount of light; in the shade, Kansas slows down the growth and laying of buds.
The first buds appear in the third year of growth, are formed singly on the tops of the main stems and lateral shoots. The flowering period is May-June.
External color description:
- the Kansas variety is referred to as terry species, the flowers are lush, multi-petal;
- the flower is large, up to 25 cm in diameter, goblet-shaped, with a pleasant aroma;
- petals are rounded, with wavy edges;
- peony anthers yellow, filaments white, elongated;
- the color is a deep burgundy color with a violet tint, depending on the lighting. In the shade, the flowers become duller.
The surface of the petals of the Kansas variety is velvety, delicate
Advice! Lush flowering is provided by timely feeding and adherence to the watering regime.
For its decorativeness, the Kansas peony was awarded a gold medal. Stems are long, even, suitable for cutting. The peculiarity of the Kansas variety is that the more flowers are cut, the more magnificent and brighter the color of the subsequent ones will be.
Application in design
Peony Kansas (Kansas) is a herbaceous plant with a branched root system, which makes it difficult to grow such a variety in flowerpots. You can put a peony in a pot if its width and depth is about 80 cm. The peony should grow in such a container on a balcony, veranda or loggia, but it will be difficult to transfer it for the winter due to the vest of the soil. If Kansas is grown under stationary conditions, care must be taken to provide sufficient lighting for photosynthesis.
The Kansas peony is grown in gardens or a plot as a design element. Shrubs with bright colors are combined with almost all ornamental crops that do not require an acidic or alkaline environment. The peony fully develops on neutral soils.
In ornamental gardening, the Kansas variety is harmoniously combined with the following plants:
- ground cover varieties;
- ornamental shrubs;
- dwarf conifers;
The peony does not get along well with junipers due to the different composition of the soil. Does not tolerate the neighborhood of tall, spreading trees that create shade and high humidity.
A few examples of designs that include the Kansas peony:
- Used in mass planting with varieties of different colors.
Use species with a simultaneous flowering period
- Mixed with wildflowers for lawn framing.
Peonies, bells and gladioli complement each other harmoniously
- As a curb option.
The main mass is made up of red varieties, a white variety is used to dilute the color
- In mixborders with ornamental shrubs in the center of the flower bed.
Combines Kansas practical with all low-growing plants
- Along the edges of the lawn, a mix of several varieties of different colors.
Blooming crops give the landscape a complete look
- As a tapeworm in the central part of rockery.
Kansas variety looks aesthetically pleasing against the background of stones
- To create an alley near the garden path.
Peonies emphasize the decorative effect of flowering shrubs
- For decorating a recreation area.
Kansas plays the role of a color accent against the background of conifers in the barbecue area
Kansas is a varietal, not a hybrid, representative of the crop. It produces planting material while maintaining the characteristics of the mother plant. You can propagate a peony on the site in any way:
- Planting seeds. The material will germinate well, but flowering will have to wait 4 years. The generative method is acceptable, but long.
- Propagated by Kansas by layering. In the spring, the stems are sprinkled, the rooted areas are planted the next autumn, after 2 years the culture will form the first buds.
- You can cut cuttings from faded shoots, place them in the ground and make a mini-greenhouse over them. At 60%, the material will take root. At the age of two, the bushes are placed on the site, after the season the peony will bloom.
The fastest and most productive method is by dividing the mother bush. A well-grown peony at the age of four years and older is suitable for this purpose. The bush is divided into several parts, distributed on the site. Peony Kansas takes root in 90% of cases.
If the planting was carried out in the fall, the peony takes root well and begins to intensively form a green mass from spring. A frost-resistant plant is not afraid of a drop in temperature. Planting in a temperate climate is carried out approximately at the end of August, in the south - in mid-September. In spring, planting is possible, but there is no guarantee that the crop will bloom in the current season.
The place is determined with good air circulation in the illuminated area. The Kansas variety does not tolerate shade, most of the day it should receive a sufficient amount of ultraviolet radiation. Peonies are not placed near large trees, since they completely lose their decorative effect in the shade.
The composition of the soil is suitable neutral, if necessary, it is adjusted by the introduction of appropriate means. Dolomite flour is added to acidic ones, and granular sulfur to alkaline ones. Activities are carried out in advance, with autumn planting, the acidity of the earth is adjusted in the spring. The soil is chosen fertile, aerated. Places with stagnant water for the Kansas peony are not considered. The culture requires watering, but it does not tolerate constant waterlogging.
The Kansas peony pit is prepared in advance. The root of the plant is powerful, it grows 70-80 cm wide, deepens about the same. When preparing the hole, they are guided by these parameters. The bottom of the pit is closed with a drainage pad and 1/3 of the depth is covered with a nutrient mixture with the addition of superphosphate. The substrate is prepared from peat and compost, if the soil is clay, then sand is added.
Sequence of work:
- The pit is filled with water, after drying, they begin to plant a peony.
Moistening is necessary to eliminate voids in the substrate
- Cut off the stems to the lower vegetative buds.
- Peony buds should be under the soil at a distance of 5 cm. If they are closer to the surface or below the level, the plant will develop poorly in the first year.
- They take a bar wider than the hole, place it on the surface, and fix the plant to it.
The attachment will not allow the kidneys to go deeper
- They are covered with soil and watered, the root circle is mulched with any material, for decorativeness, you can use coniferous cones.
Mulch will give the site an aesthetic appearance and preserve soil moisture
Advice! The mount is removed in early summer.
Caring for a Kansas peony is as follows:
- There is no need to feed the plant until the age of three, the peony has enough nutrients from the substrate.
- Adult peonies of the Kansas variety in early spring are watered with a solution of potassium permanganate. During the shoot formation, ammonium nitrate is added. At the end of spring, the plant is treated with complex mineral fertilizers. When laying the buds, they are fed with superphosphate, potassium agents.
- Water the bushes with a large volume of water to completely cover the root. The frequency of soil moistening depends on precipitation. Roughly an adult plant needs 20 liters of water for 10 days.
- After watering, be sure to loosen the soil for better aeration and remove weeds. If the plant is mulched, then the grass does not grow and the crust does not form, then there is no need for loosening.
Cut the plant after flowering, get rid of dry flowers, shorten the shoots on which they were located. Young stems are not touched. You cannot cut off the leaves or all the shoots completely. At the end of the season, new vegetative buds are laid.
Preparing for winter
Before frost, the plant is cut so that the length of the stems is no higher than 15 cm. Intensive water-charging irrigation is carried out, ammonium nitrate and organic matter are added. Cover the Kansas variety with straw on top of the mulch. If the planting was carried out in the fall, it is completely covered, pulling burlap on the arches. When dividing a bush, shelter is not relevant.
Pests and diseases
Peony Kansas is sick with powdery mildew only at high humidity. The plant must be transplanted to a favorable site and treated with Fitosporin.
The biological product destroys fungal infection and neutralizes the pathogenic environment
Of the pests, the root nematode is a threat. The main spread of the pest is observed in a waterlogged environment. Get rid of the parasitic insect with Aktara.
The granules are diluted in water and watered with a Kansas peony under the root
The Kansas Peony is a dense and compact herbaceous bush. The variety is distinguished by double flowers of a bright burgundy hue. Created on the basis of a wild-growing milk-flowering species, it is used for landscape design. Frost-resistant culture is distinguished by simple agricultural technology.
Reviews of the herbaceous peony Kansas
Marina Koroleva, 42 years old, Leningrad region
My mother instilled in me a love for peonies, she had several varieties with different colors. On the site I grow pink, white, yellow, but my favorite is the Kansas variety. The flowers are bright, large, the gaze involuntarily stops at them. Bushes are powerful. The main thing is that they do not disintegrate during flowering, they perfectly keep their shape. After cutting, peonies stand for a long time without losing their aroma and attractiveness.
Valentina Khristenko, 52 years old, Krasnoyarsk
Without the Kansas peonies, the site would look empty. The bushes are planted in a long line on either side of the garden path. I started breeding with only three seedlings, but the culture grew very quickly. Kansas grows next to pink varieties, during flowering, the path looks great.